Events > Reducing the burden of preventable infections, Ahmedabad, India
15.10.14 - 16.09.14

Reducing the burden of preventable infections, Ahmedabad, India

Venue: Hotel Pride, AHMEDABAD, India

Organized by Indian Institute of Public Health- Gandhinagar

Worldwide, 1.4 million children die each year from preventable diarrheal diseases and some 88% of diarrhea cases are related to unsafe water, inadequate sanitation, or insufficient hygiene. A World Health Organization (WHO) reports that almost one tenth of the global disease burden could be prevented by improving water supply, sanitation, hygiene and management of water resources. Poor hygiene at the health care facilities presents more severe threat to both health care providers and beneficiaries. Findings from various Service Availability and Readiness Assessment (SARA) surveys reveal the poor state of Water and Sanitation Hygiene (WASH) in many health facilities, particularly in maternity wards, and also inadequacies in broader issues of infection control.

There is a long-standing and robust evidence-base on the links between poor hygiene practices and environment at the time of birth contributing to life-threatening infections in mothers and new-borns; these are also referred to as water-washed infections to denote the strong behavioral drivers of risk. Poor WASH and infection control in facility not only increases the iatrogenic risk to mothers, babies and indeed health care providers, but also impact on women’s satisfaction with delivery care received. Increasing concerns of hospital and healthcare associated infections are also currently recorded across many medical disciplines, even in high income, industrialized countries. Given these experiences, the increasing use of health facilities for childbirth in developing countries, calls for an attitude of watchfulness. Health gain is seriously undermined if health facilities do not have capacity to cope with increased demand, in terms of trained healthcare workforce and physical environment including WASH, this can inevitably lead to an increase in infection-related morbidity and mortality. To reduce infection related morbidity, there is a trend in low and middle income countries to prescribe antibiotics without adequate investigations.

A global crisis has been built up on the developing Antibiotic resistance to various diseases, keeping in view of this, system-wide collaborative actions in the fields of rational use of antibiotics, infection prevention and control and sectors outside human medicine are called for. Access to effective antibiotics is a highly prioritized area especially for low- and middle- income countries where the infectious disease burden is high. Estimates indicate significant increasing mortality, morbidity and health care costs due to resistance. If proper methods and technologies are not developed for efficient antibiotic use and containment of resistance, healthcare will be severely affected.

Prevalence of drug resistance among infectious diseases such as Chloroquine resistant Malaria, multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) is increasing throughout the world. Although previous treatment for TB is the most important risk factor for development of MDR-TB, treatment-naïve patients are also at risk due to either spontaneous mutations or transmission of drug-resistant strains. India accounted for the greatest increase in multi-drug resistance Tuberculosis (MDR-TB) with an estimated 64,000 new cases in 2012, evidences suggest that incorrect regimens, poor quality drugs, lack of treatment adherence, and inadequate testing of drug-susceptibility leads to drug resistance.

The overall objective of this conference is to provide and an excellent opportunity to get an insight into cutting edge research on “REDUCING BURDEN OF PREVENTABLE INFECTIONS: OPPORTUNITIES AND CHALLENGES FOR THE 21ST CENTURY”, including WASH, antibiotic resistance and multi drug resistance to infectious disease.

Conference will assist in deliberations of experts working in the field, sharing of concerns of policy planner and dissemination of findings of research done across globe to bridge gap between research and implementation, to generation of ideas for future research regarding preventable infections, may it be related to poor hygiene, overuse, miss use of drugs including antibiotics leading to drug resistance. The two-day conference in October, 2014 will provide an interdisciplinary platform for academics, researchers, policy makers, students and professionals. With the present theme of conference it is hoped that today’s infectious diseases crisis can be met with viable global solutions.

Audience of the conference include national and international researchers, local and national government including program managers, program Heads, Medical student & fraternity, International agencies like WHO, WaterAid, JHPIEGO.

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